Accessible Nation (Canada)
A National campaign on disabilities to promote a national strategy on disabilities in Canada bringing all stakeholders and consumers to the table. One month of runs covering each province across Canada in September, 2016.
In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the “common standard of achievement for all peoples… to promote respect for these rights and freedoms, and by progressive measures national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance.” The Declaration was accepted by a unanimous vote, with the six members of the Soviet bloc, Saudi Arabia, and the Union of South Africa abstaining.
By 1966, the international scene had evolved in important ways. The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights was supplemented by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Canada acceded to both in 1976 with the unanimous consent of the provinces. Both covenants are now binding upon Canada in International Law. Canada also ratified the Optional Protocol to the Civil and Political Rights Covenant: anyone in Canada can now file a complaint (called a “communication”) to the UN Human Rights Committee that oversees the ICCPR if the Canadian government fails to meet its obligations.
Canada has ratified or signed other core human rights treaties and submitted itself to oversight by their respective treaty bodies. The treaties include the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Each has its own oversight committee at the United Nations.
Impact on Canadian Law
The development of international human rights law generated pressure to strengthen our human rights laws in Canada, leading to the enactment of the Canadian Human Rights Act and the entrenchment of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The Charter is a bill of rights but is also a political compromise. Section 33 of the Charter permits any government to enact laws “notwithstanding the Charter,” and thus a majority government may infringe the Charter through this “notwithstanding” power. Such actions will, in most cases, constitute a clear violation of international law. Public interest groups frequently oppose such actions in democratic societies through the actions of individuals, political parties, the media and members of the legislature.
By the late 1970s, human rights laws had been enacted at the federal level and in every province. All three territories now have their own human rights systems as well. Alberta, Saskatchewan, Québec and Yukon also have special protections in their human rights laws to protect certain civil and political rights. The Québec Charter of human rights and freedoms (1975) goes further and protects economic, social and cultural rights.
UN Enable – Human Rights and Disabled Persons 4/6
III PREJUDICES AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST DISABLED PERSONS: AREAS, FORM AND SCOPE
Data on employment equity for people with disabilities in the federally regulated sector can be found at the Canadian Human Rights Commission’s web site: http(1985). Canadian Council on Learning. (2007). Canada Slow To Overcome Limits For Disabled Learners.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL POLICIES AND MEASURES DESIGNED TO ERADICATE DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES AND GUARANTEE THE DISABLED THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Office of the Mayor
Halifax Transits twitter. https://twitter.com/hfxtransit
Halifax Regional Municipality official Twitter feed
Doors open interactive map
Halifax Chamber of Commerce
We push for laws to protect the civil riights of voters with disabilities
Change.org Canada https://twitter.com/CdnChange
ACORN Canada is an independent national organization of low and moderate income families with 59,000+ members in 20+ community chapters. https://twitter.com/ACORNCanada
Disability Support Program http://novascotia.ca/coms/disabilities/index.html
Disabled Persons Commission http://disability.novascotia.ca/
Wheelchair Recycling Program
Wheelchairs for children and adults with a net family income that falls within program guidelines.
social services http://novascotia.ca/coms/
Better Business Bureau
Guide to Disability Rights in Canada
Council of Canadians with Disabilities
Canadian Human Rights Act
Disability Rights | Canadian Human Rights Reporter